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Georgia

They’ve been making wine for Eight Thousand years in this Black Sea country – and now it’s at the forefront of a renaissance in traditional methods.

The qvevri is inescapable in Georgia. Depictions of this traditional, earthenware winemaking vessel, on T-shirts, tea towels and fridge magnets, fill the tourist shops in the spruced-up centre of the capital, Tbilisi. They’re also a feature of roadside billboards and the signs of small-town cafes, bars and hotels with rows of the real things the prize exhibit in any winery tour.
The qvevri’s ubiquity is more than quaint tourist-board marketing. It’s a symbol of just how proud the Georgians are of being the oldest winemaking country in the world: in November last year, archaeologists on a dig south of Tbilisi uncovered fragments of qvevri with residual wine compounds dating back 8,000 years.

Paradoxically, the qvevri is also a symbol of the country’s pursuit of a very particular kind of modernity – one based on what John Wurdeman, an American painter-turned-winemaker and restaurateur making wine in the country’s main Kakheti region, calls “a way of living and creating informed by the past”. Along with dozens of other natural-minded winemakers looking to make modern wines in the old way, Wurdeman’s Pheasants Tears project with Georgian winemaking partner Gela Patalishvili, has returned to the qvevri as their vessel of choice.
It’s a means of production that leads to highly distinctive wines. After being lightly pressed, whole bunches of grapes are thrown into the beeswax-lined pots, which are buried in the ground, and once fermentation has taken place, sealed and left to age. The result: amber-coloured whites with the grippy structure of reds, and reds that often display a wild, spicy, herby quality.

Though it represents a small, albeit highly visible and growing, fraction of the country’s output, the qvevri renaissance has put Georgia at the forefront of winemaking fashion. Their wines have become a must-have for the world’s best restaurants and wine shops, and they’ve inspired a global movement of likeminded producers to work with clay. For a country that spent much of the 20th century making vast quantities of rough industrial plonk at the behest of Soviet central planners, it’s quite a turnaround – as well as being quite a journey for the evergreen clay pot.

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    Marina Kurtanidze and her famous winemaking husband produce exceptional wines in Chardakhi in Georgia.  This Mtsvane wine spent six months on the skins. Light amber in colour, it displays bright floral and stone fruit...

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    This is the same grapes as for the Chinuri no skin version but is aged one month on both skins and stems (20-30% added back). The result is a slightly cloudy pale amber gold colour like a very pale honey. Maceration on skins...

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    Kisi: from eastern Georgia, in Kakheti, is a low yielding aromatic variety with very distinctive exotic floral aromas. Both qvevri and European style wines are very perfumed and floral. Delicious with aromatic foods. The...

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    The Tavkveri is from Kartli, in central Georgia, the same vineyard as Chinuri. It is similar to Cabernet Franc as a red wine; at least the French often say it reminds them of this! It was a varietal favoured at the royal...

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    Thought to be one of the oldest grape varieties in Western Georgia. It is a late ripening grape that can often be quite spicy, richly textured and full of honey aromas. Give high acidity wines that are excellent for...

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    Vineyard is located at the bottom of Caucasus mountains on the left from river Alazani in Kakheti, Georgia. It was planted 480 metres above sea level in 1980 on the humus-carbonated soil. The wine was made with the old...

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    The vineyard is located at the bottom of the Caucasus mountains on the left from river Alazani in Kakheti, Georgia. It was planted at 480 metres above sea level in 1991 on the humus-carbonated soil. The wine was made with...

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    The vVineyard is located at the base of the Caucasus mountains on the left of the river Alazani in Kakheti, Georgia. It was planted at 480 metres above sea level in 2002 on the humus-carbonated soil. The wine was made with...

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